Professor Dr. Kabirul Bashar is a renowned Medical Entomologist, Scientist and popular public speaker on Dengue, Chikungunya, Malaria and Filariasis in Bangladesh. Dr. Bashar is also working as International Exchange Adviser and Collaborative Professor at Kanazawa University, Japan. He is the consultant of WHO, Global Fund and National Malaria and Dengue Control Program and several multinational companies. He is the editorial board member of many international journals.
Kabirul Bashar’s lab focuses on Insect-borne disease transmission, with studies both in the lab as well as in the field. He has worked on research related to the entomology and epidemiology of diseases like Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika, Malaria and Filariasis including vector species compositions, vector bionomics, control strategies, intervention evaluation, vector population biology, and, human behavior and epidemiology spanning laboratory to field conditions. Research is directed towards collecting evidence that both explicates the understanding of, and, directs decision making, strategies and policy towards protecting the world’s most vulnerable people from these diseases.
Diseases like dengue and malaria are transmitted by species of Anopheles mosquitoes that vary markedly in biological attributes - including when, where and how they blood feed, and, responses to insecticides. Such variation in behavior impacts the effectiveness of interventions such as Insecticide Treated bed nets (ITNs), indoor residual spraying (IRS), Spatial Repellants (SRs) and larval breeding soruce treatments or modifications. The accurate identification of local mosquito species and their behaviors, contribution to disease transmission, how these behaviors overlap with intervention functionality, as well as human behavior, is vital for strategic selection of interventions to diminish disease burden. The range of local drivers of malaria transmission combined with the diversity of Anopheles species capable of transmitting malaria increases the complexity around malaria transmission and prevention. A specific focus is drivers of residual transmission – transmission of the disease occurring outside the scope of protection of current interventions.
The Bashar lab research supports several national and international organization on dengue and malaria programs in making evidence-driven decisions on vector control strategy and intervention selection, to include operational approaches and priority indicators to expand understanding of native vector bionomics (e.g. indoor versus outdoor biting), detect gaps in protection with current vector control interventions (e.g. low coverage of LLINs, insecticide resistance, outdoor biting), and explore drivers of transmission (e.g. rainfall, human movement, increased vulnerability and/or receptivity) in combination with epidemiological and other meta-data. In succession, this data will help programs tailor solutions, reduce vector populations and human-vector contact, and drive down transmission using a minimum capacity-based dataset towards maximum impact.
Over the last 20 years, his lab has conducted research in many countries, including Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Japan, Italy, and Canada. In short, his lab studies diseases transmission dynamics from a global perspective – investigating mosquito vector species, their bionomics, the effects of both human and vector behaviors on disease transmission and intervention effectiveness - all towards evidence-based decisions to protect humans. The Bashar lab conducts research, training, and service with academic, NGO, and country ministry of health and Education programs towards advancing health standards for everyone – especially people those disproportionately impacted by preventable diseases.
Medical Entomology, Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, Kala-azar Vector Management, Insect Ecology, Environmental Health